YURI VLADIMIROVICH ANDROPOV
Yuri Andropov was born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire on 15 June 1914. He was an important Soviet politician and state official since the late ’40s until his death in February 1984.
His father worked as railway official and he was of Cossack origin. His mother was originally from Finland. Andropov studied at the Rybinsk Water Transport Technical College. He finished the school in 1936.
At a very young age, Andropov became a member of the Komsomol (All-Union Leninist Young Communist League) and later he worked in important positions in the party apparatus in the Karelo-Finnish Republic and the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) Central Committee.
After Stalin’s death, he left the diplomatic service and served as an ambassador in Hungary, where he also worked during the anti-communist uprising in 1956. He persuaded Nikita Khrushchev, who was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, about the necessity of the military intervention in Hungary. From 1957 to 1967 he was the head of the CPSU Central Committee for Supervision of the Soviet bloc. In the next fifteen years he led the omnipotent KGB. During the Prague Spring events in Czechoslovakia, Andropov promoted the military intervention and he ordered many measures against Czechoslovak reformers. At the end of the Brezhnev era he became the chief ideologue of the CPSU and after the death of Leonid Brezhnev he became his successor. He acted as a Secretary General of the CPSU just for 15 months until his death in February 1984.