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VLADIMÍR CLEMENTIS2018-06-23T21:52:36+00:00

VLADIMÍR CLEMENTIS

Slovak minister, politician and a prominent member of the Czechoslovak Communist Party Vladimír Clementis was born on 20 September 1902 in Tisovec in Rimavská Sobota region.

From 1921 to 1925 he studied at the Law Faculty of Charles University in Prague. After graduating he worked as a lawyer.

He joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in 1924 and he became a Communist member of Czechoslovak parliament in 1935. He emigrated to Paris in 1938 before the beginning of the World War II. His criticism of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact in 1939, contradicted the policies of the Czechoslovak Communist Party exiled in Moscow and triggered an intra-party investigation.

In the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939, he was imprisoned for being a communist. He was later evacuated to a British concentration camp. After he was released he spent the war in London. From 1941 to 1945 he works as an editor of Czechoslovak broadcasting on BBC, in this time he used his pseudonym Peter Hron. After the War he returned to Czechoslovakia and he was admitted as a member of the Communist Party and he became the Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs. He succeeded Jan Masaryk in a post of Foreign Minister after the communist coup d’état in 1948 which he helped to organize. From the beginning he promoted measures against democratic politicians.

He was forced to resign and then in 1951 arrested and charged for an illegal attempt to cross the state borders. The accusation was later changed to a more serious crime to be a bourgeois nationalist and participating in the Trotskyite-Titoite-Zionist conspiracy. He was convicted in the Slánský show trial together with another 12 high positioned politicians of the Communist Party. He was hanged, along with Rudolf Slánský, on 3 December 1952.