Czech communist politician Rudolf Slánský was born on 31 July 1901 in a small Czech town Nezvěstice.

He moved to Prague after the First World War where he discovered leftist Marxist Club and in 1921 he joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. Shortly he moved up the party and became an associate of the party leader, Klement Gottwald. He was named a member of the party Presidium and Politburo.

The Communist party had illegal status between 1929 and 1935 so Slánský went to hiding. After 1935 he was elected to the National Assembly together with Klement Gottwald.

During the war he lived in exile in the Soviet Union.

After the Second World War Slánský came back to Czechoslovakia from the exile and became General Secretary of the Communist Party. After the February Coup in 1948 Slánský became the second most powerful man in Czechoslovakia behind the president Gottwald.

In November 1951 Slánský together with another 13 politicians was arrested for being a Titoist and became a victim of a purge trial. The trial began on 20 November 1952. Slánský was found guilty of Trotskyite-Titoist-Zionist activities in the service of American imperialism and was publicly hanged in prison on 3 December 1952.