Czech politician Milada Horáková was born on 25 December 1901 in Prague.

During the Second World War she was imprisoned in concentration camp Terezín and also in various prisons in Germany for being involved in a resistance movement.

She returned to Prague and rejoined the Social Democratic party after the liberation in May 1945. One year after she accepted parliamentary mandate of the Constituent National Assembly of Czechoslovakia. However, she resigned her seat again soon after the Communist coup in February 1948. She was warned by her surroundings to leave the country but she decided to stay in Czechoslovakia and continued to be politically active.

Horáková was arrested in September 1949 for being the leader of a fictional illegal group which was supposed to overthrow the Communist regime. This was a start of the biggest and the most significant artificial political show trial in the Communist Czechoslovakia.

The Czechoslovak secret police tried all their brutal interrogation methods to break up the group of accused alleged plotters and make them to confess to treason and conspiracy.

The trial itself with Horáková and another twelve her colleagues began on 31 May 1950. As it was supposed to be a show trial similar to the Soviet Great Purges taking place in the 1930s the trial was supervised by the Soviet advisors and also broadcasted on the radio.

Milada Horáková defended herself firmly although she knew that it would make her situation even worse. She was sentenced to death on 8 June 1950 together with other 3 colleagues.

She was executed in the Pankrác prison on 27 June 1950. She was executed in a very tortuous way – in the Pankrác prison they used a primitive way of hanging with a slow strangulation which took almost 15 minutes.