Czechoslovak general and President Ludvík Svoboda was born on 25 November 1895 in a small Moravian city Hroznatín.
He fought in both world wars and in 1945 he became the army general. Between the wars he taught at the military academy.
As Svoboda contributed to the liberation of Czechoslovakia at the end of the Second World War with his 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, he was appointed the Minister of Defence.
He joined the Communist Party after the coup in February 1948 and became a deputy of the National Assembly.
In 1950, Soviets forced Svoboda out of the army and he was named the deputy Prime Minister from 1950 to 1951. With the following purges Svoboda was imprisoned but eventually released and deprived of all offices.
In 1968 during the time of so-called Prague Spring Svoboda was elected the President and served until 1975 when he was deprived of the office for his poor health and succeeded by Gustáv Husák.
Svoboda was the most popular Communist president and still enjoys limited merit among Czechs and Slovaks thanks to his brave posture and boldness on several occasions during important moments of Czechoslovak history.