Czechoslovak communist president Klement Gottwald was born on 23 November 1896 in a small Moravian town Vyškov.
He joined the Social Democratic Party in 1912 and became a charter member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in 1921. He edited party’s newspapers in Bratislava until 1926. In 1925 he became a member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia’s Central Committee and became the Secretary General of the Party in 1927. He was elected to the National Assembly two years later.
During the Second World War he spent seven years in exile in Moscow.
After the War he returned to Czechoslovakia and became the Party Chairman in 1946 and led the party to 38% votes in the free elections. After the Communist coup in Czechoslovakia in 1948 Gottwald became the most powerful man in the country and after the Edvard Beneš’s resignation from presidency on 2 June 1948 he became the president of Czechoslovakia on 14 June 1948.
During Gottwald’s presidency the farms were collectivised and country’s industry was nationalised. During his leadership series of purges were also held including the purge with party’s General Secretary Rudolf Slánský and the Foreign Minister Vlado Clementis who were later executed.
Gottwald died from a heart attack on 14 March 1953, five days after Stalin’s funeral.