The founder of the Communist monarchy in the North Korea Kim Il-sung was born on 15 April 1912 in Mangyungbong near to Pyongyang. His whole family had to flee the country to the Chinese Manchuria in the middle of the 1920s where Kim Il-sung studied at the Military Academy, joined guerrilla activities and also became a member of the Communist Party of China. In the early 1940s he was summoned to the Soviet Union to be prepared for the role of the leader of the revolution in Korea.
He came back to Korea in 1945 after the end of the Second World War. As the country had been divided into two states – the north one under administration of the Soviet Union and the south one under administration of the USA – Kim Il-sung took the lead in the part created by the Soviets and founded the Workers Party of North Korea. Together with the leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin he managed to thwart democratic elections and he became the leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – created after the elections on 9 September 1948.
However, Kim Il-sung was not satisfied with the size of his territory and he started a war with the South Korea. The USA helped South Korea immediately and as China did not want the USA to spread their territory they helped North Korea which resulted in a huge bloodshed and settling the border between the states on the 38th parallel where it was between the war.
The leadership of Kim Il-sung was very cruel. During 1950s in order to strengthen the Communist power he eliminated a big number of intellectuals, clerics and other significant personalities. He also created working camps where he tortured the inconvenient citizens.
He died on 8 June 1994 and was succeeded by his son Kim Chong-il.