JOSEPH VISSARIONOVICH ‚STALIN‘
One of the cruelest Soviet leaders Joseph Jughashvili was born on 18 December 1878 in a small town Gori in present-day Georgia to a poor peasant family. His cruelty has its roots in his childhood when his father slid into alcoholism and became abusive.
At first Joseph attended the Spiritual Seminar in Tiflis, however, he was expelled at the end of his studies after missing his final exam. At that time he was already interested in Marxism and the writings of Vladimir Lenin and joined a Marxist group Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party. Later he became a member of Lenin’s Bolsheviks and became a part of the bloody Marxist revolution. He created a squad of killers robbing banks and attacking the carriages with money. Since that time he started to use a new surname – Stalin (Man of steel).
After the October Revolution in 1917 and Lenin in power Stalin became more and more powerful and in April 1922 became the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (later in December 1922 of the newly formed Soviet Union).
After Lenin’s death in January 1924 Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union and even more cruel leadership of the Union began. He started to eliminate many of the highly positioned politicians and other significant figures suspecting them from opposition and started to make lists of thousands of untrustworthy people. Most of them was executed before the start of the Second World War. Those who survived were sent to the concentration camps.
His cruel leadership is also known for a severe famine with more than 5 million casualties and also for hatred towards ethnic minorities.
He died on 5 April 1953 of a stroke in Kremlin, Moscow.