Czech student Jan Palach was born on 11 August 1948 in Prague.

Jan Palach studied at the Faculty of Philosophy at Charles University in Prague. He committed self-immolation on Wenceslas square on 16 January 1969 in protest against suppression of freedom and the passivity of Czechoslovaks after the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw pact armies in August 1968. He died in the hospital three days later.

Although he didn’t want to be followed by other people in self-immolating tens of young people tried to immolate themselves in his legacy. The most known person who immolated himself after Palach is Jan Zajíc who called himself the Torch number 2 and he died immediately after setting himself on fire in the passage on Wenceslas square on 25 February 1969.