The second communist president of Czechoslovakia Antonín Zápotocký was born on 19 December 1884 and during his young years he trained to be a stonemason and he also cooperated on a completion of construction of the St. Vitus cathedral in Prague.

From 1914 he was part of the social democratic party in the Bohemia district Kladensko. From 1922 until 1925 he was the general secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. During the Second World War he was kept several times in prison and in concentration camps. After 1945 he joined the Communist party again and became a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and a deputy of the National Assembly.

He became the president of Czechoslovakia on 21 March 1953. His presidency is known for the severe currency reform which affected horribly the savings of the citizens and led to many uprisings and political trials after.

He died from a heart attack on 13 November 1957 and was replaced by Antonín Novotný.