Slovak politician Alexander Dubček was born on 27 November 1921 in a Slovakian city Uhrovec and he was raised in Kyrgyzstan, Soviet Union. He returned to Czechoslovakia after the Munich Agreement in 1938.

In 1939 he joined illegal activities of the Communist Party.

After smaller positions in the Communist Party and his studies at the Moscow Political College he joined the Central Committee of the Slovak branch in 1955. He became a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in 1960 and then he served as a member of the presidium after 1962. After the power struggle in 1963 Dubček became First Secretary of the Slovak branch of the party.

Dubček’s leadership led towards political liberalization of Slovakia and the political and intellectual climate in Slovakia became freer than that in the Czech Lands.

After the downfall of the President of Czechoslovakia Antonín Novotný, Dubček and other reformers tried to liberalize the Communist government – period called the Prague Spring. The Soviet leadership wasn’t happy about the development in Czechoslovakia and tried to slow down and stop the changes through several negotiations. Despite Dubček’s explanations and stressing the commitments to Soviet Union the armies of the Warsaw Pact invaded Slovakia during the night of 20-21 August 1968 and quickly seized control of Prague and Central Committee building. After following events he was forced to resign in April 1969.

He died after having a car accident on 7 November 1992 under strange circumstances.